Urinary tract infections - More than just hypothermia

Surely you know this just like the patients who come to our Allmedica practice in Andratx: You have colloquially "hypothermia down below".
What we colloquially call hypothermia is quickly a painful urinary tract infection that can be avoided.

Urinary tract infections are an unpleasant condition that can be caused by a variety of factors. The most common causes include hypothermia, not drinking enough, germ colonisation, swimming too long in cold water, and not taking off wet bathing clothes and drying off afterwards, as the evaporative cold is not to be underestimated.

Prevention of urinary tract infections

It is certainly not always possible to avoid a urinary tract infection, especially for sensitive people, but some simple preventive measures can make life easier.
Women in particular should urinate briefly after sexual intercourse to avoid germs rising through the short urethra. When going to the toilet, women should wipe from front to back to prevent E.coli germs, which are native to the intestine, from entering the bladder.

To further prevent urinary tract infections, it is advisable to drink plenty of water and avoid cold feet and hypothermia of the kidney region (Do not walk with bare feet on cold tiles. Put a cushion on the chair when sitting outside). Wearing wet bathing clothes for long periods of time should also be avoided.
Looking to nature, cranberry juice is also excellent for preventing urinary tract infections.

Treatment of urinary tract infections

In the event of an infection, do not place a hot water bottle on the abdomen, as this can encourage germs to multiply (I "ncubator effect). However, the bladder and kidney region should be kept at body temperature, for example by wrapping a jumper around it or placing a pillow on cold surfaces.
Therapy for urinary tract infections usually includes antibiotics administered at the same time as a probiotic for the intestine and vagina. If the infection recurs, a urine culture and an antibiogram before antibiosis are absolutely necessary to determine the germ and administer the adequate antibiotic and to check the success of the therapy. In some cases, urological clarification may be necessary, especially in the case of abacterial urinary tract infections, in order to exclude other causes such as residual urine.

Did you feel hypothermic during your stay in Mallorca and suspect a urinary tract infection? Then contact our team of doctors at the Allmedica practice in Puerto de Andratx.


Alzheimer

Alzheimer's - The slow forgetting

Alzheimer's disease or senile dementia is a serious disease of the brain that usually occurs in old age. Affected people who visit our medical practice on Mallorca suffer from progressive memory disorders, loss of cognitive abilities as well as changes in behaviour and personality. In Germany, approximately 1.6 million people are affected by this disease. Due to the increasing ageing of the population, the number of people affected is rising continuously.

The treatment of Alzheimer's disease and senile dementia requires a multidisciplinary approach that takes into account medical, psychological and social factors. Allmedica Andratx, a team of German doctors in Mallorca, offers a wide range of treatment options, including drug therapies, psychotherapeutic approaches and non-pharmacological interventions such as cognitive training and nutritional counselling.
To date, there is no cure for Alzheimer's disease, but certain medications and therapies can slow the progression of the disease and improve the quality of life of those affected. Early diagnosis is of great importance. A precise examination of the brain and specific questioning of patients and relatives are necessary to make the diagnosis.

Drug treatment
Drug treatment can slow down the course of the disease and reduce the progression of symptoms. The drugs aim to improve the transmission of neurotransmitters in the brain to improve cognitive abilities. For many patients, a combination of different agents is recommended to achieve the best effect. However, drugs can also have unwanted side effects, such as nausea, diarrhoea and dizziness.

Psychotherapy
In addition to drug therapy, targeted psychotherapy can also help to slow down the progression of the disease. The memory and cognitive abilities of those affected can be improved through targeted training. Regular exercise, a balanced diet and a social environment can also help to slow down the course of the disease.

Supportive therapy
Another option for treatment is supportive therapy, which primarily aims to improve the quality of life of those affected. The main focus here is on improving communication and interaction between the person with the disease and their relatives. Individual support and a targeted care concept can also help here.

Overall, there are various treatment options available today to slow down the course of Alzheimer's disease and improve the quality of life of those affected. Nevertheless, Alzheimer's remains a serious disease that places a great burden on those affected and their relatives. However, early diagnosis and targeted therapy can help to positively influence the course of the disease.

Diagnosis in our Allmedica medical practice on Mallorca
The diagnosis of Alzheimer's disease and senile dementia requires a careful assessment of the patient's cognitive functions as well as a thorough medical history and physical examination. Allmedica Andratx offers a comprehensive diagnosis that includes imaging techniques such as CT and MRI scans, as well as neuropsychological tests.
Our medical services aim to improve the quality of life of Alzheimer's patients and their families.


Hay fever - When the nose itches and eyes water

Hay fever is a common allergic disease caused by an overreaction of the immune system to certain allergens such as pollen, grass or mould. Symptoms range from itchy eyes and runny nose to severe breathing problems and asthma.
In Germany, around 15 million people suffer from hay fever. But the disease is also widespread on Mallorca. Fortunately, there are now German-speaking doctors here, like our team at Allmedica Andratx, who specialise in the treatment of hay fever.
Thanks to our many years of experience in the treatment of allergies, we offer our patients comprehensive diagnostics and therapy.

Vitamin D with magnesium citrate
An innovative form of therapy used by the team at Allmedica Andratx in the treatment of hay fever is the high-dose administration of vitamin D with magnesium citrate. This combination has proven to be extremely effective as it reduces the activation of mast cells and thus inhibits the release of histamine, which is responsible for the allergic reactions.

Antihistamines
In addition to vitamin D therapy, our German doctors on Mallorca also prescribe antihistamines to relieve symptoms. These drugs block the action of histamine in the body and can reduce itching, sneezing and runny nose.

Corticoids
In severe cases, short-term treatment with corticosteroids may also be needed to reduce the inflammatory response in the body. However, these medications should only be used under a doctor's supervision, as they can also have side effects.

Preventive measures
The importance of preventive measures such as avoiding allergens and eating a healthy diet to strengthen the immune system should not be underestimated.

If you suffer from hay fever or suspect you do, contact our team of doctors in Allmedica Puerto de Andratx. Timely and effective treatment can help you reduce the allergic reaction and improve your quality of life.


Dr Natur - Hausmittel

Doctor Nature - When home remedies also do it

As German doctors on Mallorca, we are not only medical practitioners. We are also children, parents and aunts. So we also grew up with the good old home remedies from grandma and didn't always resort to classical medicine for our own offspring.

And indeed, nature offers many ways to soothe little aches and pains. Of course, this never excludes a visit to a doctor in our Allmedica practice in Puerto de Andratx, should the discomfort get worse.

In this article we would like to share with you our home remedies for the "bad tummy", "getting teeth" and for mucus relief.

CONSTIPATION
Stress, travelling, unfamiliar foods quickly lead to constipation. In medical terms, we speak of constipation when there is no bowel movement for 4 days, when emptying is only possible by pressing hard or when there is a feeling of not having emptied completely. If this does not occur frequently and we as doctors can rule out a chronic form of constipation, then Doctor Nature can help with dried fruit.
Especially prunes and figs soaked in water for several hours have a laxative effect and provide the body with calcium, iron, magnesium, phosphate and potassium. But more important are the dietary fibres polysaccharides pectin and cellulose, which get the intestines moving. Both active substances are naturally also present in fresh fruit, but in higher concentrations in dried fruit.
And this is how you use the dried fruit: Soak prunes or figs in water overnight and eat the dissolved fruit the next day. The juice can also be drunk. Five to six should be enough to make your bowels fit again. By the way, it does no good to eat the fruit dry. It would only worsen the condition because it draws water from the intestines.

THE FIRST TEETH
What parent doesn't know this: the baby is restless, has diarrhoea and little appetite. Are the first teeth coming through? Help your darling with a simple natural recipe.
Put cloves in oil and drip the clove oil on the teething areas. Clove oil numbs the nerve endings and has an immediate analgesic effect. To make it, use the common clove and tasteless oil.

EXPECTORANT, NATURAL REMEDY
A cataplasm is a poultice or poultice poultice that can be used as a supportive remedy for respiratory diseases, for example. Typical symptoms of upper respiratory tract infections are colds, coughs, sore throats, headaches and aching limbs. In addition to sufficient rest and drinking plenty of fluids, a cataplasm (overlay) helps with the healing process. A visit to a doctor is usually not necessary.
For the cataplasm, a poultice is made from potatoes seasoned with lots of nutmeg (in Spanish "nuez de moscada"). Wrap several tablespoons of the porridge (as warm as possible) in a thin cotton cloth and place it on the chest. Wrap a bath towel around the entire chest. Leave on for 15 minutes.. Make sure that the towel is not too hot! Ideally, apply cream to the skin beforehand and avoid eye contact.
How does the poultice help? It creates an artificial fever, which causes germs to decay, has an expectorant effect and the essential oils of nutmeg dilate the bronchial tubes, which makes it easier to expectorate.
Poultices are an overall concept in which several modes of action come together. The herbs, medicines etc. develop a better effect through the warm compresses. In turn, the skin offers a large absorption surface for the active substances.
So poultices not only help with respiratory diseases, but also with joint problems, tension and skin diseases.

SAGE - THE NATURAL ANTIBIOTIC
Sage grows in the wild on Mallorca. So gather the medicinal herb to have on hand just in case. Because sage is a natural antibiotic. The medicinal plant has antiseptic, antibiotic, antibacterial and anti-inflammatory properties. It can be used soothingly not only for sore throats - where we typically know it from - but is also ideal for digestive complaints and inflamed gums. Either apply the leaves directly, use as an oil or infuse as a soothing tea. Sage is easy to use.

At Allmedica, we live in harmony with Mediterranean nature and the remedies it brings us. Natural medicine is an important component in our medical practice in Andratx. Combined with the knowledge of modern orthodox medicine, we offer our patients a wide range of treatment options.


Schwermetalbelastung, Umweltgift

Heavy metal pollution and elimination

One problem of our modern life is the exposure to environmental toxins. Heavy metals in particular (such as mercury, lead, arsenic and aluminum) are absorbed through food and the air we breathe.
Heavy metals lead to poisoning, cardiovascular diseases, attack organs and can promote cancer in the long term. During pregnancy, the development of the unborn child can be disturbed.

We can hardly avoid the intake, because heavy metals get into our bodies via industry, garbage, exhaust fumes and fertilizers on fields, food and in the ground water. However, we can and should support our body in eliminating them, especially if there are clear signs of a high heavy metal load in the body.

In our Allmedica doctor's office in Puerto de Andratx, Mallorca, we focus on holistic medicine and accompany our patients on their way to a healthy life. Prevention is part of it. Therefore, in this article we would like to present an effective and gentle way to eliminate heavy metals from the body, so that no more serious diseases develop.

How do you recognize heavy metal poisoning?

A high load of aluminum (often found in vaccinations) leads to metabolic disorders, infertility, anemia, tissue changes and inflammatory diseases.
Lead (old buildings- lead pipes!) in the body leads to stomach and intestinal cramps, constipation, fatigue, pale skin, kidney function disorders, and anemia.
Mercury triggers limb pain, headaches, migraines and fatigue.
Parkinson's disease, for example, is often associated with severe lead and mercury exposure.
Especially in the case of mercury contamination, remaining amalgam fillings in the teeth can be the cause. Before a heavy metal removal, these should first be removed by an experienced dentist under a good suction system and rubber dam. A 2 weeks previous and subsequent oral covering with selenium is recommended.

How to eliminate heavy metals from the body?

Nowadays, the so-called chelation therapy is widely used to remove heavy metals from the body. Doctors use so-called chelators (e.g. dimercaptopropane sulfonic acid) orally or as an infusion to bind the metals in the blood and stimulate their elimination via the kidneys.

We at the Allmedica Medical Center in Andratx do not rely on chelation therapy, as this form of expelling heavy metals from the body can lead to severe side effects such as circulatory failure and, above all, kidney overload in the form of pH jumps.

More gentle are intravenous infusions with dose-increasing vitamin C (American elimination method), which are administered over a period of several weeks. Vitamin C binds heavy metals, converts them into a non-toxic form and excretes them via the kidneys. In addition, vitamin C protects against oxidative stress, which is triggered by the heavy metals in the body. Nevertheless, heavy metal elimination is strenuous, as the substances are released from the tissues and released into the blood. It is not uncommon for patients to feel worse subjectively at first (similar to Herxheimer reaction). The dose should then be adjusted and the patient needs some stamina.

Therapy for the excretion of heavy metals should always be monitored by your doctor. In this process we diagnose and control the load status.

Please contact us! The doctors in our Allmedica practice in Puerto de Andratx will be happy to advise you on the subject of heavy metal stress in the body.


Telemedizin

Telemedicine versus doctor's visit - digitalisation versus human doctor

Our world is spinning faster and faster. Mobile phones, tablets and pedometers are as much a part of our everyday lives as intelligent home systems and online shopping. Because we no longer have time for "normal" things. Or we no longer take the time. We for the doctor's visit...
Be that as it may, we as doctors on Mallorca have to adapt to the trend, offer flexible appointments and, if necessary, also switch to telemedicine. Of course, we still see the fulcrum of our activity directly with the people, in our doctor's practice in Puerto de Andratx and vis-à-vis. But what is the argument against also offering telemedicine where it makes sense?
Let's take a closer look at telemedicine versus the doctor's visit.

Telemedicine yes, but where it makes sense
The doctor, whether on Mallorca or anywhere else in the world, sits in front of the computer. So does his patient. The video consultation takes place without any personal contact, i.e. remote treatment. But does that make sense and why?
Telemedicine makes sense in certain situations and expands medical care options. Especially in places where there is a shortage of doctors and elderly patients are poorly connected to public transport, the video call to the doctor can not only be cheaper but also life-saving.
Video calls to the doctor are also useful in monitoring the chronically ill. Likewise when monitoring wound healing.
Some forms of therapy, e.g. in speech therapy, can also be conducted digitally. If you think of speech therapies for children who stutter, there is no reason why telemedicine should not be used.

Attention health app
Telemedicine is not self-diagnosis! Unfortunately, more and more people are turning to the digital world instead of a doctor when they feel a twinge somewhere. A health app is quickly downloaded, a few questions answered and the diagnosis made. Very few people know that this is incorrect in 58% of cases. Therefore, hands off self-diagnosis!

Initial diagnosis at the doctor
Despite all the digitalisation and the advantages it brings to medicine, it is still very important that people know each other, i.e. that the doctor and patient have already spoken in person during a consultation, the initial diagnosis has been made and the further course of action has been agreed.

Even though we are equipped with the latest technology in our Allmedica practice, just like everywhere else in Mallorca, and fulfil all the requirements for telemedicine, there is no alternative to a normal consultation for initial diagnoses.
Of course, we are also happy to care for our patients via telemedicine if it makes sense.
Our conclusion: A visit to the doctor cannot be completely replaced by telemedicine. However, the course of therapy can be digitally accompanied and supported.

If you would also like telemedicine from our Allmedica doctors team on Mallorca in addition to personal care, please let us know.


Chiropraktik

Chiropractic - bone crusher versus mobilisation

The alternative medical treatment method chiropractic, which we also offer in our Allmedica medical practice on Mallorca, aims to find dysfunctions in parts of the body's musculoskeletal system, especially the spine, and to eliminate them with simple hand movements. The treatment approach is therefore based on releasing blockages between vertebrae or other joints by hand and correcting malpositions.

What are vertebral blockages?
Our back vertebrae are held together by ligaments, among other things. When these overstretch, the vertebrae can no longer move normally, which affects the nerve flow at that point. Often the surrounding muscles compensate for the blockage, but this leads to a relieving posture, which in turn leads to further tension, which is expressed through breathing difficulties, dizziness or headaches.

When is chiropractic useful?
Chiropractors help to relieve tension in the neck, back, legs, hands, knees, shoulders or hips. Posture problems, lumbago and sciatica also fall within the chiropractor's scope of treatment. Anything that no longer sits the way it should, as the saying goes, can be fixed by the bone-breaker.
The chiropractor feels for possible blockages and muscle tension in order to localise the cause of the pain. This is preceded by a detailed anamnesis to get an overall picture of the patient. The affected joints are then treated with the help of special handgrip techniques. After treatment, patients may experience harmless side effects such as sore muscles or a temporary increase in pain.

Adjusting and activating
In chirotherapy we use 2 treatment methods.
Mobilisation is a particularly gentle method of restoring joint mobility. The affected joint is moved slowly and gently at first. Gradually, the speed and pressure are increased.
Manipulation or setting is the so-called "bone-breaker method". The joint is stretched by small, jerky movements. This can cause small gas bubbles to burst, which produces a cracking sound and gave this method its name. In reality, however, the joint is not put back into place, but its normal mobility is restored.

Do you have complaints that indicate muscle tension? Then contact our Allmedica practice in Puerto de Andratx, a team of doctors who care about your health.


Jellyfish contact - First aid

Ouch.....That was a jellyfish. Most of us who live in Mallorca or frequently go on vacation to the Mediterranean have certainly had it happen to us at some point: While swimming, you get too close to one of the unloved flabby animals. Sometimes even unknowingly, you have not seen the jellyfish itself. But their tentacles are 2 to 3 meters long and equipped with thousands of poisonous cnidoblast capsules. The stinging venom can cause severe burning skin irritation when it comes into contact with humans.
As the jellyfish season is still ahead of us - usually it starts at the end of summer/beginning of autumn, when the Mediterranean Sea is particularly warm - we at Allmedica Puerto de Andratx would like to point out how to react correctly after contact with a jellyfish, which home remedies are suitable and what should definitely not be applied to the damaged skin.
Unfortunately, the doctors in our practice in Mallorca often find that patients treat themselves incorrectly or underestimate the contact with a jellyfish ("...there are also in the Baltic Sea...").

Are jellyfish dangerous on Mallorca?

In Mallorca, fire jellyfish and luminous jellyfish are the most common. Contact with them is painful, but usually not life-threatening. Less frequently sighted is the Portuguese Galley, whose tentacles grow up to 50 meters long. Again, contact is painful but not fatal to healthy people.

What synthomes occur after a jellyfish sting?

Contact with a fire jellyfish native to the Mediterranean Sea causes pain, itching and a rash, but is usually not dangerous. Special caution and medical treatment is required only if the person has a severe allergic or panic reaction.
Where the nettles of the jellyfish have touched the skin, in some cases pus-filled blisters form, which burst open after some time. In some cases, jellyfish stings are often accompanied by permanent scarring.

What should you do after a jellyfish sting?

Get out of the water immediately, of course, but stay calm and seek help from others if necessary. To inactivate the stinging cells, you can pour vinegar mixed 1:1 with seawater on the affected skin areas. If vinegar is not available, optionally use only salt water to rinse off any remaining tentacles.
It is best to remove any tentacle residues mechanically, if possible without touching them with the hands, for example with a flat stone. Strong pressure should be avoided to prevent further cnidocytes from bursting and being activated.
Under no circumstances should fresh water or alcohol be poured over the affected areas. This activates the hives that are still present.
Medication and cooling help against the pain. But beware: ice cubes (fresh water) must be wrapped in plastic.
Caution. Jellyfish washed up on the beach should also not be touched.

When should a doctor be consulted?

If a larger area of the body is affected by jellyfish stings, a doctor should be consulted, because the skin can react like a burn if the toxins are very strong, including scarring. Allergy sufferers should definitely consult a doctor's office after contact with jellyfish.

In our medical practice in Puerto de Andratx we treat patients who have involuntarily come into contact with jellyfish. In most cases we can send our patients home after a conversation , removal of the last pieces of tentacles and administration of antihistamines. Jellyfish stings are unpleasant, but usually go smoothly if you follow some rules of first aid.


How to recognise sunstroke

Our Allmedica practice in Puerto de Andratx sees patients with symptoms of sunstroke, especially at this time of year when the heatwaves continue. They complain of headaches, dizziness and nausea and, in case of emergency, it is best to consult a doctor. Because sunstroke should not be taken lightly, ideally of course avoided. It can be the harbinger of heat stroke, which can lead to a life-threatening condition.

So don't let it get that far! We tell you how to recognise and avoid sunstroke.

What is sunstroke?

Strong sunlight on the head and neck causes irritation of the brain and meninges. It is not the UV rays that are to blame for sunstroke, but the heat. Inflammatory reactions occur, you feel bad and dizzy.

What are the signs of sunstroke?

A red head is typical of sunstroke. Headache, neck pain, neck stiffness, vomiting and even loss of consciousness occur. The body temperature is not elevated. Sunstroke is confined to one part of the body: the head and neck.

What are the immediate measures for sunstroke?

Get out of the sun, cool your head and take a cold shower. If the patient is fully conscious, elevating the upper body and giving fruit sips will help in addition to the remedies already mentioned. If the patient's condition does not improve, a doctor should definitely be consulted.

As experienced doctors on Mallorca, we warn against not taking sunstroke seriously. If the symptoms are accompanied by a loss of consciousness, the sunstroke can turn into a dangerous heat stroke, which lay people do not recognise.

What is heat stroke?

Heatstroke often occurs during intense physical exertion in hot environments and is much more dangerous than sunstroke. Our body consumes more fluid than normal - for example, during sport - can no longer compensate for the additional fluid loss and the salt content also gets out of whack. As a result, the body temperature rises. This leads to a build-up of heat, which can be life-threatening. In this case, a doctor must be called immediately.

How can you prevent sunstroke?

As German doctors on Mallorca, we experience every summer that people take on too much. Take the animals as an example. They show us how to avoid sunstroke: Move little in very hot weather, drink a lot, seek shade and keep a cool head if possible (e.g. by cooling off in the water). Sport above 30°C is dangerous. Put your training sessions well into the evening or early in the morning.

Have you spent too much time in the sun, do you feel unwell and find it difficult to assess whether you have sunstroke or your body is overheating? Then visit us immediately in our practice Allmedica in Puerto de Andratx. As experienced German doctors on Mallorca, we often experience this clinical picture and can provide immediate relief.


Food intolerance - What can I eat?

Diarrhoea, bloating and flatulence can have many causes. One of them we often diagnose in our Allmedica practice in Puerto de Andratx: food intolerance.

If the intestines cannot break down or digest certain foods properly, the symptoms can go beyond those mentioned above and food intolerance can even manifest itself as dizziness, headaches or general fatigue.

As experienced doctors on Mallorca, we use tests to find out whether a food intolerance is present. Once the "culprit" has been identified, we draw up a diet plan with our patients so that they can live free of complaints and eat with pleasure again as quickly as possible.

Food intolerance vs. food intolerance vs. allergy
Food intolerance, food intolerance and food allergy are often confused or even mixed up. It is important to distinguish between the following:

The term food intolerance is the generic term for all reactions in the body to natural or artificial ingredients in our food.

In the case of food intolerance, the immune system is not involved. The body (intestine) can metabolise certain substances poorly or not at all. The consequences are flatulence, abdominal pain, bloating. The most common triggers are fructose, lactose, histamine and gluten.

In food allergies, the immune system is involved. It forms antibodies to certain foods, which it defines as supposedly harmful proteins. The body's defence mechanism manifests itself in allergic reactions such as skin rashes and shortness of breath. The memory cells of the immune system store the "wrong" enemy and react as soon as the food is taken again in the future. Most allergens are found in nuts, fish, seafood, eggs, milk, but also in some fruits and vegetables.

How do you recognise a food intolerance?

In an initial consultation at our Allmedica Mallorca practice, we ask our patients about the time between food intake and the onset of symptoms. A food intolerance occurs with a time delay. The symptoms often only appear after 6 or even up to 72 hours after consumption. Depending on the amount of the intolerant food, symptoms can be gradual or intense.
It is important to monitor your body closely and identify possible "culprits".

How can food intolerance be medically diagnosed?
In our practice in Puerto de Andratx, we carry out an intolerance test if you suspect a food intolerance. A blood test is done to measure the immunoglobulin G in the blood. This is an antibody that is produced when you come into contact with food or pathogens.
A skin test involves lightly scratching the skin and applying a solution of food protein to the area. The reaction on the skin is observed.

How is food intolerance treated?
The treatment is abstinence.
Once the trigger has been identified, a dietary plan must be made in which the trigger is completely avoided and substitute foods are incorporated into the daily diet.
Medication plays little or no role in the treatment of food intolerance.

If you suspect that you cannot tolerate a food, then contact our experienced German doctors in Puerto de Andratx. In our Allmedica clinic we treat you holistically, accompany you in changing your diet and make sure that you do not miss any vital minerals and vitamins by abstaining. Talk to us!


Schlaganfall

Vital for survival: recognise a stroke and act immediately

A stroke is a life-threatening cardiovascular disease with consequences. As experienced German doctors on Mallorca with a practice in Puerto de Andratx, it is particularly important to us to give our stroke-prone patients all the advice they need on how to recognise this life-threatening situation and react correctly. No matter whether it is for yourself or family members.

In the following, Allmedica presents you with the most important information on recognising a stroke!

What exactly is a stroke?

A stroke, also called apoplexy or cerebral apoplexy, is a sudden circulatory disorder in the brain. It is caused by reduced blood flow or cerebral haemorrhage.
Reduced blood flow is the most common cause (80%). In this case, a blood clot blocks the blood supply. The affected areas of the brain are no longer supplied with sufficient oxygen, which leads to the loss of brain nerve cells within a very short time.
In the case of a stroke, an artery bursts, which was often already damaged by high blood pressure.
In both cases, an emergency doctor must be called immediately.

How do you recognise a stroke?

In our Allmedica practice in Puerto de Andratx, we always advise our patients at risk to listen carefully to their bodies and to take the warning signs seriously. After all, a stroke rarely occurs without prior symptoms, which can occur together or separately. It is better to see a doctor once more than to recognise a life-threatening situation too late.
An imminent or incipient stroke is indicated as follows (several symptoms together or just individual ones):

- A one-sided paralysis or lack of strength in the arm/leg for no reason, corners of the mouth droop
- A one-sided numbness (a tingling sensation in the arms, legs, face)
- Impaired vision and speech
- Impaired comprehension (the person does not respond correctly to instructions)
- Expression disorders (the affected person cannot express him/herself)
- Dizziness and even inability to walk
- Headaches

Which symptoms occur depends on which areas of the brain are affected. However, it is typical for a stroke that the signs appear suddenly without any recognisable reason.

Unlike a heart attack, a stroke is NOT accompanied by pain.

Affected persons or relatives should call an emergency doctor immediately if they experience the above symptoms. In the event of a stroke, it is important to waste as little time as possible, as more areas of the brain die with every minute without oxygen.

As doctors in Puerto de Andratx, we provide first aid in such cases and immediately transfer the patient to a special clinic. There, the brain regions and arteries are checked with CT (computer tomography) or MRI (magnetic resonance imaging). If the suspicion of a stroke is confirmed, medication is administered by infusion into the blood to dissolve the blood clot. In the case of larger clots, catheters are inserted for suction.

Once the patient is stabilised, rehabilitation takes place, during which the affected abilities are restored as far as possible, depending on the severity of the stroke.

Do you have any further questions on the topic of "Recognising a stroke"? Then make an appointment at our medical practice Allmedica in Puerto de Andratx. As German doctors, we will advise you in your language and be the first point of contact in an emergency.


Darmdysbiose

Intestinal dysbiosis - When the intestinal flora is imbalanced

"Health is in the gut", said Hippocrates and the ancient Greek doctor already knew that a healthy gut is the prerequisite for a person's overall health.

In our practice Allmedica in Puerto de Andratx we explain to our patients again and again what a miracle the organ intestine is. As long as it functions without problems, we are fine. But woe betide us if our largest immune system becomes imbalanced. Then diarrhoea, flatulence, constipation and abdominal pain threaten.

Trillions of bacteria live in our intestines. They form the so-called intestinal flora, are responsible for the defence against diseases and the optimal absorption of nutrients. These bacteria live together symbiotically - for mutual benefit. If this balance is disturbed, we speak of dysbiosis.

As German doctors on Mallorca, we unfortunately diagnose so-called intestinal dysbiosis time and again. But it doesn't have to come to that. Let us at Allmedica Andratx explain what is good for your intestines and what you should avoid.

What causes intestinal dysbiosis?
The causes of intestinal dysbiosis are varied and range from poor nutrition (excessive sugar consumption, sugar substitutes, one-sided diet), excessive alcohol and tablet consumption to a motility disorder (reduced or overactive intestinal movement). Pathogenic bacterial species gain the upper hand in the intestine, the vital functions are restricted. The intestinal flora is therefore no longer in balance. If the absorption of nutrients is disturbed, this leads to various deficiency symptoms and secondary diseases.

How is intestinal dysbiosis diagnosed?
In our medical practice in Puerto de Andratx, we take a stool sample in case of suspicion in order to identify the composition of your intestinal flora. With these results we work out a therapy concept together.

Can the intestinal flora recover itself?
If the intestinal flora is damaged, it takes a long time for it to recover. Patients should allow at least 3 to 6 months.

How can you support the rebuilding of the balance yourself?
Foods such as yoghurt, kefir, buttermilk, sauerkraut, wholemeal products, bran, apples, artichokes, chicory support intestinal rehabilitation. During and especially after intestinal rehabilitation, you should eat easily digestible food that is low in fat and high in fibre. This also prevents intestinal dysbiosis.

Does intestinal dysbiosis need to be treated medically?
In our practice on Mallorca, we support the intestinal rehabilitation with so-called probiotics in potent doses when the intestinal flora is so far out of balance that our patients can hardly lead a normal life because abdominal pain, diarrhoea and flatulence determine their everyday life. In addition, in some cases there are severe deficiency symptoms as a result of the impaired ability of the intestine to absorb vital nutrients. In such cases, we use supplementary preparations to prevent further diseases.

What can be done for a healthy intestinal flora?
To prevent intestinal dysbiosis from developing in the first place, you should eat a balanced diet. Avoid sugary foods, eat a diet low in fat and protein, but high in fibre. Alcohol consumption should be minimised, as should the intake of medication. Especially when taking antibiotics, the intestines should be supported with probiotics.
In short: Listen to your gut!

If you have complaints that point to intestinal dysbiosis or if you have questions about the intestinal flora, please contact us! In our Allmedica practice in Puerto de Andratx, our doctors will look after you in your language, be it German, English, Spanish or French.