A stroke is a life-threatening cardiovascular disease with consequences. As experienced German doctors on Mallorca with a practice in Puerto de Andratx, it is particularly important to us to give our stroke-prone patients all the advice they need on how to recognise this life-threatening situation and react correctly. No matter whether it is for yourself or family members.

In the following, Allmedica presents you with the most important information on recognising a stroke!

What exactly is a stroke?

A stroke, also called apoplexy or cerebral apoplexy, is a sudden circulatory disorder in the brain. It is caused by reduced blood flow or cerebral haemorrhage.
Reduced blood flow is the most common cause (80%). In this case, a blood clot blocks the blood supply. The affected areas of the brain are no longer supplied with sufficient oxygen, which leads to the loss of brain nerve cells within a very short time.
In the case of a stroke, an artery bursts, which was often already damaged by high blood pressure.
In both cases, an emergency doctor must be called immediately.

How do you recognise a stroke?

In our Allmedica practice in Puerto de Andratx, we always advise our patients at risk to listen carefully to their bodies and to take the warning signs seriously. After all, a stroke rarely occurs without prior symptoms, which can occur together or separately. It is better to see a doctor once more than to recognise a life-threatening situation too late.
An imminent or incipient stroke is indicated as follows (several symptoms together or just individual ones):

– A one-sided paralysis or lack of strength in the arm/leg for no reason, corners of the mouth droop
– A one-sided numbness (a tingling sensation in the arms, legs, face)
– Impaired vision and speech
– Impaired comprehension (the person does not respond correctly to instructions)
– Expression disorders (the affected person cannot express him/herself)
– Dizziness and even inability to walk
– Headaches

Which symptoms occur depends on which areas of the brain are affected. However, it is typical for a stroke that the signs appear suddenly without any recognisable reason.

Unlike a heart attack, a stroke is NOT accompanied by pain.

Affected persons or relatives should call an emergency doctor immediately if they experience the above symptoms. In the event of a stroke, it is important to waste as little time as possible, as more areas of the brain die with every minute without oxygen.

As doctors in Puerto de Andratx, we provide first aid in such cases and immediately transfer the patient to a special clinic. There, the brain regions and arteries are checked with CT (computer tomography) or MRI (magnetic resonance imaging). If the suspicion of a stroke is confirmed, medication is administered by infusion into the blood to dissolve the blood clot. In the case of larger clots, catheters are inserted for suction.

Once the patient is stabilised, rehabilitation takes place, during which the affected abilities are restored as far as possible, depending on the severity of the stroke.

Do you have any further questions on the topic of “Recognising a stroke”? Then make an appointment at our medical practice Allmedica in Puerto de Andratx. As German doctors, we will advise you in your language and be the first point of contact in an emergency.