Our Allmedica practice in Puerto de Andratx sees patients with symptoms of sunstroke, especially at this time of year when the heatwaves continue. They complain of headaches, dizziness and nausea and, in case of emergency, it is best to consult a doctor. Because sunstroke should not be taken lightly, ideally of course avoided. It can be the harbinger of heat stroke, which can lead to a life-threatening condition.

So don’t let it get that far! We tell you how to recognise and avoid sunstroke.

What is sunstroke?

Strong sunlight on the head and neck causes irritation of the brain and meninges. It is not the UV rays that are to blame for sunstroke, but the heat. Inflammatory reactions occur, you feel bad and dizzy.

What are the signs of sunstroke?

A red head is typical of sunstroke. Headache, neck pain, neck stiffness, vomiting and even loss of consciousness occur. The body temperature is not elevated. Sunstroke is confined to one part of the body: the head and neck.

What are the immediate measures for sunstroke?

Get out of the sun, cool your head and take a cold shower. If the patient is fully conscious, elevating the upper body and giving fruit sips will help in addition to the remedies already mentioned. If the patient’s condition does not improve, a doctor should definitely be consulted.

As experienced doctors on Mallorca, we warn against not taking sunstroke seriously. If the symptoms are accompanied by a loss of consciousness, the sunstroke can turn into a dangerous heat stroke, which lay people do not recognise.

What is heat stroke?

Heatstroke often occurs during intense physical exertion in hot environments and is much more dangerous than sunstroke. Our body consumes more fluid than normal – for example, during sport – can no longer compensate for the additional fluid loss and the salt content also gets out of whack. As a result, the body temperature rises. This leads to a build-up of heat, which can be life-threatening. In this case, a doctor must be called immediately.

How can you prevent sunstroke?

As German doctors on Mallorca, we experience every summer that people take on too much. Take the animals as an example. They show us how to avoid sunstroke: Move little in very hot weather, drink a lot, seek shade and keep a cool head if possible (e.g. by cooling off in the water). Sport above 30°C is dangerous. Put your training sessions well into the evening or early in the morning.

Have you spent too much time in the sun, do you feel unwell and find it difficult to assess whether you have sunstroke or your body is overheating? Then visit us immediately in our practice Allmedica in Puerto de Andratx. As experienced German doctors on Mallorca, we often experience this clinical picture and can provide immediate relief.