In the case of thrombosis, a blood clot causes a vessel to become blocked, which can be life-threatening. As experienced German doctors on Mallorca with a practice in Puerto de Andratx, it is particularly important for us to inform our patients at risk of thrombosis about the warning signs and thus prevent a life-threatening condition.

In the following, Allmedica presents the most important points on the subject of recognising thrombosis!

What exactly is a thrombosis?

Thrombosis is the formation of a blood clot, a so-called thrombus, which blocks the affected vein. As a result, it can cause pain or even life-threatening situations if the thrombus moves and causes an embolism in the lungs, for example, or a stroke in the brain.

To understand how a blood clot forms, you need to know how blood clotting works. When an injury occurs, the platelets circulating in the blood (thrombocytes) attach to the injured part of the vessel and form a clot that stops the bleeding. A special protein in turn anchors the clot to the injured site. If such plugs detach again, they can block veins and lead to thrombosis. But life-threatening conditions do not always occur. Clots often dissolve on their own and do not cause any damage to the body.

However, blood clots in the leg veins are often responsible for a malignant course and must be treated early.

What promotes the development of thromboses?

After major surgery, the tendency to blood clots is increased. For this reason, injections against thrombosis are given as a precaution. Slowly flowing blood due to long periods of lying down (e.g. after a fracture) also poses a risk. The same applies to damage to the inside of the vessels, where platelets can accumulate (e.g. arteriosclerosis), congenital diseases in which more platelets are produced than normal and the use of certain medicines.

But increasing age (from 60 years onwards), predisposition, heart weakness, being very overweight, taking hormones, pronounced varicose veins, smoking, pregnancy and frequent travelling with long periods of sitting also favour the development of thrombosis.

How do you recognise a thrombosis?

Thrombosis can occur in all vessels, but is potentially most dangerous in the veins of the legs.

Smaller clots often dissolve unnoticed on their own, but larger ones can obstruct the flow of blood and cause pain and swelling.

If you repeatedly experience unexplained severe pain in your leg, your legs swell, they are variably warm, you feel a sensation of heat in your legs, one leg even turns bluish or you have severe pain when you walk, you should immediately visit our doctors at the Allmedica practice in Puerto de Andratx.

How do you prevent thrombosis?

At our Allmedica doctor’s practice in Mallorca, we work with our patients to find out what lifestyle and therapies will best lead to an improvement. A well-designed plan, in addition to the administration of medication and the wearing of compression stockings (which is often considered a nuisance), can improve the quality of life amazingly and reduce the risk.

Do you suspect that you are at risk for thrombosis or have you already experienced one or more of the above symptoms? Then take the situation seriously and make an appointment at our practice. Our experienced doctors will clarify the causes and, following diagnosis, draw up a joint plan to avoid a life-threatening situation.